100-YEAR-OLDS POLLED ON SECRETS OF SUCCESSFUL AGING; STAYING ENGAGED AND IN TUNE WITH THE TIMES ARE KEY THEMES OF SECOND ANNUAL ‘EVERCARE 100 @ 100 SURVEY’
a. Reality TV, MTV, Video Games and iPods Make the List
b. Healthy Lifestyles Include Better Diets and No Cigarettes; Starbucks and Fast Food are Okay
c. Memory Ranks as More Important Than Pain Management
d. Trusting in Faith and Spirituality Still A Key Theme
The second annual “Evercare 100 @ 100 Survey” polled one hundred Americans turning 100 and older this year about their practices and habits and found that, contrary to some conventional stereotypes, centenarians are staying in tune with the times. Like the rest of Americans, they are following current trends like reality television, video games and iPods, worrying about health and diet, and keeping up on news and current events.
“As Americans strive for healthier, longer lives, the ‘Evercare 100 at 100 Survey’ provides us with a prescription for longevity from those who have aged successfully, and finds that tuning in to trends and current events, leading healthy lifestyles and holding faith and spirituality in high regard are key themes,” said Dr. John Mach, CEO of Evercare. “We conduct this annual survey because Evercare is constantly striving towards a better understanding of the oldest Americans so that we may continue to provide the kind of care that keeps people healthy and independent for as long as possible.”
Evercare, one of the nation’s largest care coordination programs for people who have chronic or advanced illness, are older or have disabilities, first surveyed centenarians in 2006 to provide insight into one of the fastest-growing segments of the population. Since Evercare serves more than 1,000 centenarians, the Company conducts this annual survey to better understand them so it can continue to anticipate their needs. The anecdotal survey is meant to provide a cultural snapshot of the lives and lifestyles of Americans who achieve and surpass the 100-year-old milestone by remaining active and independent. According to the U.S. Census Bureau, there are nearly 80,000 centenarians in the United States, and that number is projected to increase seven-fold, to 580,000, by 2040.
Edith Jansky, an Evercare enrollee in Cambridge, MA, attributes her longevity to a positive outlook. “If you are happy you can live longer I think, and I am happy’ To tell you the truth, I would not want to be anywhere else but here,” she said. “I have seen so much, I don’t think there would be much more that I could see or hear [if I were to live another one hundred years].”
Among the key findings of the 2007 “Evercare 100 @ 100 Survey”:
Keeping up with trends and current events.
- “I want my MTV.” When it comes to entertainment, the survey found that nearly a third (31 percent) have watched a reality TV show and 27 percent have watched MTV or music videos. Nearly a quarter of centenarians have purchased a music CD, and one in seven has played a video game.
- Sorry, Oprah, Johnny is still king. When polled on their favorite TV talk show host, Johnny Carson topped the list with 14 percent of the votes ‘” more than double those for Oprah Winfrey (6 percent). But, one centenarian did say of Oprah, “I used to watch her every blessed day, I think she is a wonderful, wonderful, wonderful person. I think she is very kind too. I think she does a lot for charity’ that must be wonderful to have someone give you a beautiful new car [that] you didn’t have to work for.”
- Some centenarians have even tried the latest technology. Six percent said they have been on the Internet and four percent said they have listened to music on an iPod.
- Advertisers take note: Although 18- to 49-year olds may be a coveted demographic, sixty-eight percent of centenarians polled also turn to the TV for news and current events, while 40 percent turn to newspapers, a change from fifty years ago when newspapers (56 percent) and radio (45 percent) were their primary sources of news.
On the menu: Better diet and a healthy heart, no “butts” about it.
- A full 82 percent said that their dietary habits have improved or stayed the same as compared with 50 years ago. Just 23 percent said they have ever smoked cigarettes, and on average, those who quit did so 41 years ago.
- The oldest Americans have also tried specialty coffee and enjoy fast food. Seventy-two percent did report having eaten at a fast food restaurant and 11 percent have ordered coffee at Starbucks.
- Centenarians have heart. When asked about the best medical advances over their lifetime, they chose heart bypass surgery and pacemakers (16 percent), ahead of cancer treatment (13 percent), the polio vaccine (7 percent) and organ transplants (4 percent). One respondent said, “I think aspirin is the greatest medical achievement because they really help.”
Maintaining the brain is important, and marriage makes for beautiful memories.
- Given the choice, centenarians voted for having a better memory (34 percent) over less aches and pains (27 percent) or taking fewer prescription drugs (13 percent). Their favorite memory in the last 100 years? Twenty-eight percent said their wedding day followed by a tie for the birth of a child and their 100th birthday (both at 13 percent). One adventurous centenarian felt his best memory was “when I learned to fly at age 76.”
Answering to a higher power.
- Centenarians trust their spiritual leader the most to tell the truth, with more than one in three (34 percent) saying they believe a priest, rabbi or preacher is the person most likely to tell the truth when given a choice that included their doctor or nurse (28 percent) and a police officer (8 percent). This trust in clergy echoes the results of last year’s survey, which revealed that the oldest Americans attribute their longevity to faith and spiritual care more than genes or medical care.
Complete findings of the “Evercare 100 @ 100 Survey” can be found online at EvercareHealthPlans.com.
The “Evercare 100 @ 100 Survey” was designed to provide a snapshot of centenarians’ views on current events and trends. For the 2007 survey, telephone interviews were conducted with a total of 100 nationally-representative adults (70 females and 30 males) who were 99 years old or older, with 95 percent of the respondents between the ages of 100 and 104. The survey found that two-thirds of centenarians are concentrated in just ten states. Twelve percent live in Texas, 11 percent in Ohio, 8 percent in New York, 7 percent in California and Michigan, 5 percent in Florida, and 4 percent each in Alabama, Minnesota, North Carolina and Pennsylvania. The research was conducted by Strategic Resource Partners, LLC.
Evercare is one of the nation’s largest care coordination programs for people who have long-term or advanced illness, are older or have disabilities. Founded in 1987, Evercare today serves more than 120,000 people nationwide through Medicare, Medicaid and private-pay health plans, programs and services ‘” from health plans for people in community and skilled nursing settings, to caregiver support and hospice care. Evercare offerings are designed to enhance health and independence, and in the complex world of health care, make getting care easier. Evercare is part of Ovations, a division of UnitedHealth Group (NYSE: UNH) dedicated to the health care needs of Americans over age 50. For more information about Evercare, call 1-866-772-0859 (TTY 1-888-685-8480) or visit EvercareHealthPlans.com.